Emigration Records from Neupotz, Germany [Translation]

The following is a chapter from the “Neupotzer Heimatbuch” by Alfred Boltz which deals with emigration from the village of Neupotz in the 19th century. This english translation, was provided by a kind soul from a the GENEALOGY subreddit on reddit.com. The original German text can be found HERE.

Alfred-Boltz+Neupotzer-Heimatbuch

Chapter 7

Emigration

Emigration is part of the population development. 491 people from Neupotz have left the village in the 19th century in search of a new home, mainly in America.

Helmut Sittinger from Leimersheim, overall very knowledgeable on the emigration movement, has been to America in person to visit descendants of the emigrants, and has also worked on the emigration from Neupotz. I will include his report in our homebook in verbatim.

The Emigration in the 19th Century

“The neighbours gathered early in the morning. The highly laden cart tumbled through the gate. Mother and Gretl sat on the large chest, a colourfully painted heirloom. As they climbed up on the cart, Schorsch stepped forward and handed Gretl a bouquet. She uttered a heart-breaking hiccoughing sob. He stepped aside, blew his nose and discharged the feelings into the short word: “Goddamnit!”

The cart was stacked with all sorts of bundles, the clothes pressed into wooden boxes, and the beds, which would likely come in handy in between-decks, bound in sacks. A wobbling spinning wheel swayed on top of a bale of cloth. And then Michele shoved a small cage with his chaffinch into the tangle.

The crowd became denser. Hands were shaken with a lot of weight from callused fists. Many tears shone. And the two boys climbed onto the cart and stowed away their canvas travel bags. Again, they started to hum: “We’ll travel to Havre de Grace, we’ll only need money and no passport there.” But it didn’t sound nicely, truly not. And the two frequently wiped their eyes with the back of their hands.

The agent arrived, prancing as always, smiling nicely from a wide face. He accompanied them to Weißenburg. There, an Alsatian was supposed to pick up the cargo and escort it to Havre. He soothingly jested with the onlookers and the aggrieved. But there was no real merriness – the horses were harnessed. The coachman had magnificent horses. Badger pelts hung from the horse collars. Brazen rings and disks had been weaved into the horses’ mane. His blue blouse was freshly laundered. A colourful ribbon flew with the whip. He climbed up. Father, Sepp, Schorsch, and Michele after him. Mother and Gretl were already seated.

Dozens of hands reached up… A waving of handkerchiefs… “Goodbye… Goodbye…” Tearful voices… A sharp crack of the whip between all that and a short shout: “Gee up!” and the cart moves onwards, and the Friends, relatives, and neighbours follow with slow steps…”

Thus end the surviving impressions of an emigration to America from Rheinzabern in the 19th century. An image that wasn’t a rare sight in Neupotz either, as we will see below.

Two entirely different developmental trends immediately become apparent when looking at Neupotz’ 19th century population statistics: While the population more than doubled from 1800 to 1840, it stagnated thereafter and decreased slowly, but steadily until 1890. An increase in population could only be recorded around the turn of the century again.

This development corresponds to that of some neighbouring villages (e.g. Jockgrim and Wörth), but most of all, it resembles closely to the population development of Leimersheim, which has already been illustrated in detail in the second chapter. The main cause for the striking stagnation and decline in population turns out to be emigration to the United States in all cases.

According to written records, a few single emigrations in the beginning of the 19th century started the emigration movement in Neupotz. Unsatisfied and wary of the French administration back then, 6 or 8 inhabitants of Neupotz (compared to more than 100 people from Leimersheim) followed the lures of the Russian Czar Alexander I, who promoted the settlement of the unsafe strip of land at the Black Sea that had been conquered in the previous decades. Priest Labbe wrote “in Tauriam” or “in Bessarabiam” in his family book next to the two or three families that settled in Rastatt near Odessa. A further 8 persons (two families) moved in the direction of “Bessarabia”, one of which ended up in Poland and returned to Neupotz along with at least three others. Johann Georg Loesch from Leimersheim and Michael Höfer from Hördt were also among those disappointed returnees, and reported the following in a travel report: “In Odessa, we were sent to various places in the colony in order to spend the winter there, and to await the construction of a new village and the allocation of the land designated for us. We came upon our compatriots, some of whom had moved there one year ago, some of whom had move there several years ago, in miserable huts covered with reeds and clothed in rags. It didn’t take long to convince ourselves that we had been cruelly deluded and cheated in all our expectations…” Thus, a new start in distant lands didn’t turn out to be that easy, and the reports from the returnees got so deeply under the skin of those who had stayed at home that nobody dated to move away from there for a long time. Due to manifold changes, the emigration movement got going again in the 30s:

In these years, a ban on emigration in Bavaria (the Rhenish Palatinate was a part of Bavaria) was transformed into an approval and promotion of emigration. Education on emigration through the increasingly common emigration agencies and associations, some of which had nationalist (early Colonialism), some social (fighting unemployment and overpopulation) ambitions, facilitated the decision to emigrate. Although the political and social dissatisfaction in these years had loosened the emotional bond to the homeland, and the conscription to military service had become a reason for secret emigration for many a young man since 1835, the main causes of emigration were of an economic nature in Neupotz, too.

The misery that went hand in hand with the strong increase in population until 1840 was great: The housing availability was insufficient, there was a lack of jobs. In agriculture, the division and fragmentation of property reached ever new heights in the middle of the 19th century, due to the lawful and customary inheritance rights. The yields from the dwarfish plots that had thus emerged were barely enough for the sustenance of a family.  Labour as a family and avocational occupations were necessary, but didn’t solve the misery, especially since the flooding of the Rhine and potato diseases during the 40s, other bad harvests, and sales problems for agricultural products in times of disrupted trade further exacerbated the situation.

As a result of the increase in population, the surplus in craftsmen of all kinds increased as well. Also, the decline of the small farmers put further pressure on craftsmen who had to “exchange” their goods and services for excess agricultural products. Some branches of craftsmanship died out, as they could no longer keep up with the foreign industry that had developed. Thus, it is hardly surprising that Neupotz’ emigration lists contain almost exclusively contain annotations like the following: “The reason for emigration is to create a better existence for oneself” (1845), “Due to a lack of pay for work done” (1854) or “In order to improve their existence” (1857 et seqq.). As far as is known, the first two people from Neupotz moved to America in 1836: Maria Barbara Burck (24) and Georg Adam Gehrlein (29). The 25-year-old Johann Daub followed them on the 12th of May 1839. “Youth’s courage” lead the way. Likely also due to positive reports in letters to the parents, the movement exploded in 1840 – 55 people from Neupotz emigrated – and grew in parts to the scale of a mass emigration. From then on, year after year, small and large groups turned their back on the homeland in order to seek their fortune in the “New World”.

Emigration statistics for Neupotz (still incomplete):

I. Russia and Poland: 1809: 8 persons – 1816: 8 persons.

II. Algeria: 1845: 53 – 1853: 36 – 1854: 5.

III. America (USA): 1836: 2 – 1839: 1 – 1840: 55 – 1841: 18 – 1844: 2 – 1845: 4 – 1846/47: 18 – 1848/49: 18 – 1850: 1 – 1851: 28 – 1852: 31 – 1853: 27 – 1854: 13 – 1855: 4 – 1856: 4 – 1857: 26 – 1858: 18 – 1859: 1 – 1860: 10 – 1865: 6 – 1866: 5 – 1867: 17 – 1868: 12 – 1869: 4 – 1870: 4 – 1871: 22 – 1872: 14 – 1873: 4 – 1874: 5 – 1889: 1 – 1890: 1 – 1906: 5

That the emigrants were – at least initially – impoverished families or youngsters without future prospects can be established through reports like the following:

“Neupotz, 30th of July 1840. – (8 families, listing)… are intent on secretly emigrating to America and have to this end sold all of their belongings, partly by means of public auctions, partly in person. Since they owe the parish’s treasury substantial amounts of money and one can expect that they haven’t paid any of their other creditors, and the latter one (Tobias Gehrlein ) by all accounts intends to leave his family behind, which will then inevitably become a burden on the parish, we have asked for favourable orders of conduct…”

The answer from the regional commissariat was as follows: “Returned with the order to prevent the secret emigration of the persons mentioned next to this with all available lawful measures; especially to make sure that the debt to the parish will be covered through seizure of the emigrants’ personal possessions or by claiming them as securities for their debt, in accordance with the parish treasurer.” The ban on secret emigrations could not be enforced. All emigrations from Neupotz except for the occasional one took place in secret and without permission from the authorities. They even found support from the village constable, as we can conclude from the following warning letter:

“Germersheim, 10th of August 1853. – People say that many secret emigrations are taking place in the parish of Neupotz and even with the support from the constable who was recently seen helping an emigrant to move their belongings at night, after closing time. He was said to have carried away a flour storage cabinet, which he likely had purchased. – The constable is to be stripped of his responsibilities, and a report on his behaviour is to be submitted along with the protocol.”

Later on, the secret emigrations became less common, as many of those willing to emigrate got sent the necessary money to pay for debts and travels by their relatives in America. Now, many were able to leave the parish in broad daylight, after one last church service together. Eduard Feth was able describe similar memories for Neupotz as Pfeiffer did for Rheinzabern: “I can still vividly remember a scene from my youth, around 1888, when a horse-drawn carriage stood in the Kirchgasse, laden with pieces of beds, kitchen utensils and boxes filled with clothes, covered with a rainproof canvas the shape of a barrel. Husband, wife, and children took their seats. ‘They are travelling to American but first to Havre de Grace’, I was told. We cried and waved good-bye…” Before 1867, almost all emigrants from Neupotz took the route via Weißenburg to the port of embarkation in Le Havre (Havre de Grace), except for two persons who likely travelled to Rotterdam via Mainz. Hamburg only gained increasing importance as port of embarkation thereafter.

Sadly, only relatively unreliable (and even then incomplete) records exist for the emigration from Neupotz via America (more than 480 can be verified). The actual meaning of this strong movement can only be determined through further thorough investigation.

By contrast, we are in possession of complete information on the three emigration waves to Algeria via Marseille or Toulon, respectively: Following the official incorporation of Algeria into France in 1842, France undertook an attempt at colonisation, comparable to the Russian one of 1804: Benefits and travel support was promised to the settlers, and only labourers or farmers with a certain minimum fortune (500 Francs) were admitted. The offer was mainly reacted to by people who deemed the passage to America too expensive. In 1845, 53 persons from Neupotz followed the call (38 from Leimersheim), in 1853, only 36 (29 from Leimersheim), and in 1854, only a family of five (19 from Leimersheim). – Warnings issued by the German government and negative reports from Algeria resulted in Algeria quickly losing attractiveness as a target country of emigration.

However, one should not forget the single human over too much numerical data and general statements. Thus, we shall not go without a full list of each emigrated person and family; before that, we shall report on the fates of some people from Neupotz in America. Franz Peter Wünschel described his exact way of travelling in his family bible, a rarity of a very special kind:

“…On the 10th of March 1858, my wife Maria Eva Lanzet from Herxheim and I left my place of birth Neupfotz in the Kingdom of Bavaria and embarked onto the ocean in Le Havre on the 24th of March. We arrived in New York on the evening of the 5th of May and disembarked on the 6th of May. On the 14th of May, we arrived in Port Washington, Wisconsin; later on, we travelled away from Wisconsin and arrived in Greencastle, Indiana, on the 17th of December 1858.”

Franz Peter Wünschel died in Salt Lake City, Utah, on the 2nd of August 1883. His descendants are still living there today. The unmarried Johann Jacob Loesch, who emigrated unpermitted in February 1852, took another route; on his return to Neupotz in 1855, he reported “that he had first stayed in the state of Illinois and had then returned on the urgent plea from his mother living here (in Neupotz) after his step-father had died…, that he had embarked from New York and docked in Rotterdam.”

The overwhelming majority of emigrants from Neupotz and Leimersheim, however, ended up in Erie in the state of Pennsylvania. The old church books of this town at the shore of the Erie Lake, but also nowadays’ telephone books, street names, and so on, bear witness to the exceedingly large proportion of people from Anterior Palatinate settling the area. From New York, people travelled up the Hudson River and through the Erie Channel, to the shores of Erie Lake, which can be compared to our region in terms of climate. Many obituaries and other reports in the then much-read newspaper “Der Pfälzer in Amerika”, along with specialised literature and the archives of Erie proper, give us an impression of the importance that the town had as a settling area for the emigrants from Neupotz:

“On the 4th of February 1899: John A. Antony from Neupotz died in Erie, Pa., at the high age of 81 years. He had settled here along with his family in 1860 and everyone who came in touch with him over the years loved him. His wife had preceded him in death nearly 5 years ago, and since then, the old gentleman had his abode with his son Jacob, who dutifully cared for him until his departure. Five children are mourning for him. In the same town, the locally generally well-known pioneer John A. Veit, more than 80 years old, died last week. He was born in Neupotz and had come to this land more than 50 years ago already.”

“14th of March 1903. – Mr. Bernhardt Heidt, nearly 54 years old, born in Neupotz and emigrated to here a couple of years ago, passed after heavy suffering. The deceased leaves behind his wife and a half-brother in this place, as well as a couple of siblings in the old homeland, including the well-known mayor of Neupotz, Mr. Josef Heidt.”

Many such obituaries of people from Neupotz settling in Erie followed, until we could read the following notice in one of the last issues of the newspaper:

“On the 21st of June (1917), Stephan Antoni, 79 years old, one of the most well-known citizens of the town, died in the abode of his nephew, Mr. Emil Decker, No 3121 West 26. Str. in Erie, Pa. The deceased had come to Erie from Neupotz in 1854 and had been living here without interruption ever since…” Apart from the numerous obituaries, the following short report from the same newspaper bears witness of the numerous people from Neupotz living in Erie:

“(11th of August 1906) – In honour of their dear guest, Ms. Philippine Wünschel, née Gehrlein, from the southern part of Pittsburg, who stayed with Mr. and Mrs. Philipp Chor on western 21st Street in Erie, Pa., for a couple of days, the aforementioned married couple hosted a pick nick at Glen Wood Park (near the town of Erie) on the 1st of August; only people who had come into the world in this God-blessed corner of the Earth – named the beautiful Rhenish Palatinate – or descendants of people from the Palatinate born here showed up. Present were: (26 women from Neupotz and 9 others are listed) … the nice celebration, dubbed Neupotzian pick nick, had been organised wonderfully. … When darkness rose, people went home, all of them knowing that they had experienced one of the merriest days in the history of the Palatine-American pick nicks. …”

By going with the industrial boom of the fast-growing town, the people from Neupotz who had settled in Erie were able to get the family members who had been left behind to join them one by one. This shall be exemplified by the case of the aforementioned Tobias Gehrlein, who had emigrated in 1840. In 1845, he sent his wife and his three children the necessary trip money so that they could join him via Le Havre. And in 1851, Regina Gehrlein justified her plea for an emigration permit for her son Ferdinand (18) with the words: “As I think that this will be his fortune, especially since his two brothers who are already living in America are calling and want to care for him …”

Not only as a document speaking for itself, but also as an aid to the many German Americans who are in pursuit of their distant relatives in the old homeland today, the emigrants from Neupotz identified thus far shall be listed below.

I. Emigration to Russia and Poland 1809/1816:

  1. Daub Valentin (or Jakob), born ca. 1793, see also Franz; moved to Worms due to marriage – his wife was Bernhard Elisabeth. The couple moved to Katharinenthal in 1809 and lived in Rastatt near Odessa later on.
  2. Gehrlein Johann Georg, born 1784, and his wife Gehrlein Eva Catharina, born 1784, emigrated to Bessarabia around 1816, together with their children  Johannes, born 1811, andJohann Georg, born 1816. While the children died there, the couple returned to Neupotz together with Christina, born in Bessarabia in 1825.
  3. Hammer Salomon, born 1788, see also Johann Adam, emigrated „in Tauriam”.
  4. Keller Conrad, horse herder – his wife Fichter Catharina, the daughter Maria Catharina, born 1784, as well as the latter’s illegitimate daughter Maria Eva, born 1809, moved „in Tauriam” in May 1809 and settled in Rastatt near Odessa
  5. Keller Johann Petrus, born 1786, see also Conrad (no. 4), and his wife Liebel Maria Eva also moved to Rastatt near Odessa in May 1809.
  6. Weber Franz Michael, probably along with his wife Gehrlein Magdalena and the children Regina, born 1805, and Eva Catharina, born 1810, left the parish of Neupotz in secret in 1816 with the destination „Bessarabia“. However, he travelled to Poland and returned to Neupotz from there in 1818. Eva Catharina moved to the USA in 1840.

II. Emigration to Algeria in 1845, 1853 and 1854:

1845:

  1. Burck Maria Eva, day labourer.
  2. Gehrlein Barbara, day labourer.
  3. Gehrlein Johann Adam VI and his family of 8, day labourer.
  4. Heid Barbara, day labourer.
  5. Heintz Simon, day labourer.
  6. Hoffmann Lorenz, day labourer.
  7. Keller Johann Martin and his family of 4, cobbler.
  8. Pfister Johann Adam and his family of 8, day labourer.
  9. Schaaf Johann Adam and his family of 5, day labourer.
  10. Schaaf Johann Georg, day labourer.
  11. Wünschel Franz Xaver and his family of 7, day labourer.
  12. Wünschel Georg Peter and his family of 9, farmer.

1853:

Of the 23 emigrants in total, the following are known by name:

  1. Gehrlein Jacob Anton, born 1819, day labourer, see also Peter III.

The following persons applied for “acceptance as colonists in Algiers” this year:

  1. Antoni Andreas (with family?).
  2. Heid Johann Georg VI (with family?).
  3. Keller Johann Martin, born 1814, cobbler – his wife Gehrlein Maria Barbara, born 1816, as well as their children Rosalia (born 1840), Lorenz (1850) and Karl Jakob (born 1853).
  4. Kuhn Michael (with family?).
  5. Wünschel Johann Georg III (with family?).

Of these applicants, the following have been proven to have emigrated:

  1. Burck Johann Kaspar, born 1816, farmer – his wife Gehrlein Magdalena, born 1815, their children Simon (born 1846), Jakob (born 1850) and Theresia (born 1852).
  2. Gehrlein Maria Eva.
  3. Heid Johannes II, born 1805, farmer – his wife Wünschel Katharina, born 1824, the children of the first marriage: Elisabeth (born 1834), Karolina (born 1839) and Eduard (born 1842); the children of the second marriage: Karl (born 1848), Ottilia (born 1849) and Michael (born 1852).

1854:

  1. Wünschel Georg Michael, born 1809, farmer – his wife Keller Maria Ottilia, born 1813, their children Agnes (born 1841), Simon (born 1848) and Jakob (born 1850).

While all of the emigrants to Algeria from Neupotz in 1845 embarked on their journey in Toulon, at least this last family crossed from Marseille to Algiers.

III. Emigration to America, starting from 1836:

1836:

  1. Burck Maria Barbara, born 1812, daughter of Johannes.
  2. Gehrlein Georg Adam, born 1807, son of Johann Georg.

1839:

  1. Daub Johannes, born 1814, son of Johann Georg; left Neupotz on the 12th of May 1839.

1840: 

1st of April 1840:

  1. Kuhn Georg Jakob, born 1818, son of Franz Philipp, lived in Erie.
  2. Stein Georg Adam, born 1814, son of Georg Karl.
  3. Veith Regina, born 1820, daughter of Georg Adam.
  4. Weber Eva Catharina, born 1840, daughter of Franz Michael.

22nd of April 1840:

  1. Röther Eva Elisabeth.

1st of August 1840:

  1. Gehrlein Nikolaus, born 1811, son of Johann Valentin.

12th of August 1840:

  1. Antoni Johann Philippp, born 1817, son of Johannes.
  2. Burck Apollonia, born 1818, daughter of Johannes, as well as her sister Anna Catharina, born 1814.
  3. Malthaner Catharina Elisabeth, born 1818, daughter of Georg Adam.
  4. Schaaf Cäcilia, born 1819, daughter of Salomon.

13th of August 1840:

  1. Antoni Tobias, born 1801, farmer, his wife Wünschel Barbara (born 1808) and the children Eva Katharina (born 1830), Karolina (born 1831), Maria Eva (born 1833) and Elisabeth (born 1838).
  2. Daub Johann Adam II, farmer, born 1799, son of Johann Caspar – his wife Antoni Barbara, born 1804, their children Philipp Jacob (born 1828), Johann Adam (born 1829), Apollonia (born 1831), Franz (born 1833), Theresia (born 1834) and Richard (born 1838). The family lived in Erie.
  3. Hesselschwerdt Cäcilia, born 1820, daughter of Johann Wendel; she lived in Erie.
  4. Hoffmann Eva Catharina, born 1814, daughter of Johann Petrus.
  5. Hoffmann Georg Franz, born 1813, son of Johann Georg.
  6. Kuhn Franz Philipp, farmer, born 1786, son of Georg Michael – wife Heid Eva Catharina, born 1785, their children Maria Elisabeth (born 1812), the wife of Schaaf Franz Anton (see below), Johannes (born 1814) and his wife, Georg Jacob already preceded them (see above), Georg Wendel (born 1823) and Maria Anna (born 1826).
  7. Schaaf Franz Anton, shoemaker, his wife Maria Elisabeth (see no. 16) and 2 children.
  8. Schaaf Johann Adam, born 1810, son of Andreas.
  9. Veit Georg Adam, farmer, born 1794, Son of Johann Petrus – his wife Antoni Eva Margaretha, born 1798 and the children (Regina already preceded them on the 1st of April, see above), Elisabeth (born 1823), Andreas (born 1825), Caspar (born 1830), Johann Georg (born 1833), Ottilia (born 1835) and Carolina (born 1838).
  10. Veit Peter, farmer, born 1792, brother of no. 19 – his wife Gehrlein Catharina, born 1790, † 12th of September 1859 in Erie, their children Johannes (born 1818, †1899 in Erie), Margaretha (born 1822), Maria Anna (born 1825), Regina (born 1831) and Barbara (born 1834). The family lived in Erie.

14. 8. 1840:

  1. Gehrlein Georg Michael, born  1811, son of Johann Wendel.

25 . 8. 1840:

  1. Gehrlein Tobias, day labourer, born 1799. His family followed after him in 1845.

1841: 

9. 3. 1841:

  1. Heid Franz Philipp, born  1815, son of Georg Wendel. Lived in Erie.
  2. Heid Johann Adam, born  1818, son of Georg Adam.
  3. Heid Johann Georg, born  1815, son of Adam.
  4. Kirnberger, Simon, born  1818, son of Georg Jakob Kirnberger.

29. 3. 1841:

  1. Burck Maria Ottilia, born  1816, daughter of Johannes.
  2. Daub Johann Peter, born  1787, son of Johann Caspar.
  3. Gehrlein Franz Anton.
  4. Heid Johann Georg, born  1814, son of Johann Wilhelm.
  5. Knoll Jakob Anton, born  1788, son of Johannes – his 2nd wife Schaaf Catharina and the child of the first marriage Georg Michael (born  1817).
  6. Wünschel Catharina.
  7. Wünschel Johann Michael with his wife.

31. 8. 1841:

  1. Stein Franz Peter, born  1820, son of Georg Karl, and his sister Maria Ottilia, born  1816.

1844: 20. 4. 1844:

  1. Hammer Caspar, born  1821, son of Johann Georg.
  2. Loesch Regina, born  1818, daughter of Johann Wilhelm.

1845: 

27. 8. 1845:

  1. Gehrlein Tobias’ wife and their three children. „In order to follow her husband who had emigrated a couple of years prior and who had sent her trip money, via Havre de Grace”

1846:

  1. Heid Tobias, born  1824, Son of Georg Adam.

Left Neupotz on the 12th of October 1846/47:

  1. Gehrlein Johannes.
  2. Heid Valentin, son of Franz.
  3. Heintz Simon.
  4. Hoffmann Margaretha.
  5. Hoffmann Peter.
  6. Keller Franz Peter, his wife Antoni Catharina Elisabetha and their children Eduard and Regina.
  7. Stein Apollonia (née Gehrlein), widow of Karl Stein.
  8. Stein Johann Georg, his wife Malthaner Maria Elisabeth and their children Catharina, Maria Eva and Ludwig Alois.
  9. Veit Johann Adam, a „pioneer” in Erie.
  10. Wünschel Johann Peter.

1848/49:

  1. Antoni Elisabeth and Margaretha.
  2. Becker Georg Adam.
  3. Burck Catharina Elisabeth.
  4. Hauber Franz Anton and Georg Adam.
  5. Heid Elisabeth and Wendel.
  6. Heintz Valentin.
  7. Hoffmann Peter.
  8. Gehrlein Peter.
  9. Röther Jacob.
  10. Wünschel Simon and his wife Heid Elisabeth, who lived in Erie.
  11. Wünschel Josef V. and his wife Schaaf Elisabeth, as well as their children Wünschel Catharina and Benedict.

1850:

  1. Gehrlein Lorenz (emigrated with permission).

1851: 

14th of April 1851:

  1. Ohmer Tobias, farmer, born  1832, son of Andreas. 15. 4. 1851:
  2. Hammer Lorenz, his wife Hoffmann Catharina and their children Jacob and Simon.

June of 1851:

  1. Schloß Johannes, Day labourer, born  1831, son of Johann Jacob, and
  2. Gehrlein Ferdinand, Schneider, born  1833, son of Adam V., likely travelled to the port of Rotterdam via Mainz.

22nd of August 1851:

  1. Heid Franz, farmer, his wife Malthaner Maria Eva and his son Jacob (day labourer) settled in Erie.
  2. Burck Barbara.
  3. Daub Maria Anna.
  4. Heid Margaretha, maid.
  5. Hoffmann Anna Elisabeth, maid.
  6. Loesch Maria Anna.
  7. Schloß Jacob, blacksmith.
  8. Veit Franz, Tobias and Adam, all of them farmers, as well as Veit Elisabeth.

30th of August 1851:

  1. Heid Georg Adam’s widow, as well as Heid Franz, Andreas and Peter, all of them farmers; they lived in Erie.

19th of October 1851:

  1. Hoffmann Maria Eva, maid, settled in Erie as well.

22. 10. 1851:

  1. Heintz Michael, Schneider moved to his relatives in America.
  2. Heintz Johann Georg, cobbler.

17th of November 1851:

  1. Hammer Johann Georg III, farmer.

1852: 

29th of January 1852:

  1. Antoni Peter.

February of 1852:

  1. Loesch Johann Jacob, who lived in Illinois and returned to Neupotz in 1855.

In the same year:

  1. Heid Georg Michael, born  1832, son of Wilhelm.
  2. Pfister Johann Peter and his wife Eva Margaretha, as well as the children Eva Katharina (born  1833), Maria Eva (born  1839), Simon (born  1841), Sophie (born  1844), Rudolph (born  1846) and the daughter of the first marriage Wünschel Elisabetha (born  1831).

1853:

  1. Antoni Andreas, born  1833 (to Africa?).
  2. Antoni Georg Jakob, born  1836.
  3. Antoni Peter, born  1834.
  4. Burger Franz Peter, born  1834.
  5. Hammer Michael (born 1835) and his sister Maria Eva (born  1833), both children of Georg Peter.
  6. Röther Michael’s widow along with three children.

1854:

  1. Hoffmann Johannes I, his wife Burck Eva Catharina (Bauersleute) and their children Maria Anna, Regina, Georg Wendel and Apollonia. The widow of Georg Adam, Hoffmann Maria Eva née Malthaner (day labourer), Heid Georg Wendel (day labourer), as well as Gehrlein Paulina (maid) moved with them.
  2. Burck Johannes, day labourer, his wife Heid Irma Eva and the daughter Burck Theresia. Gehrlein Georg Adam, a craftsman, moved with them.

1856:

24th of March 1856:

  1. Antoni Johann Adam III, farmer, and his wife Settelmayer Franziska.
  2. Heid Johann Adam, day labourer.

24th of September 1856:

  1. Heid Georg Wendel, a craftsman.

1857:

  1. Antoni Peter Anton, craftsman.
  2. Antoni Jacob’s widow, along with one more person (child?).
  3. Behr Barbara, maid.
  4. Burck Apollonia, maid.
  5. Burck Franz, servant.
  6. Burck Theresia, maid.
  7. Gehrlein Johann Adam, son of Jacob III, craftsman.
  8. Gehrlein Joseph, craftsman, son of Johann Georg IV.
  9. Gehrlein Josephina, farmer.
  10. Hauber Georg, craftsman, with his family of 7.
  11. Kuhn Karolina and Kuhn Maria Eva, both of them maids.
  12. Kuhn Michael, Bauer, with his family of 5.
  13. Meerckel Josephina.
  14. Schloß Simon, day labourer.

1858: 

10th of March 1858:

  1. Wünschel Franz Peter, craftsman, with his wife Maria Eva Lanzet from Herxheim (see excerpt from family bible).

In the same year:

  1. Burger Paulina.
  2. Deissler Georg Adam, craftsman.
  3. Gehrlein Georg Adam III, day labourer, and his family of ??.
  4. Merckel Georg, craftsman, and his family of 7.
  5. Trapp Lorenz, farmer.

1859:

  1. Gehrlein Franziska, maid. „In order to improve her existence. She had received trip money from relatives living in America.”

1860:

  1. Antoni Johann Adam, craftsman, and his family of 7 settled in Erie.
  2. Burck Wendel‘s widow, day labourer, had received her trip money from her children.

22. 10. 1860:

  1. Antoni Barbara, maid.
  2. Burck Maria Anna, maid.

1865: 

25th of August 1865:

  1. Antoni Anna Eva, maid.
  2. Hammer Stephan, farmer.
  3. Heintz Valentin (and Karl Ludwig?), craftsman.
  4. Ohmer Maria Eva, maid.
  5. Schloß Stephan, craftsman.

6th of October 1985:

  1. Burck Tobias, day labourer, along with one more person (wife?).

1866: 

5th of April 1866:

  1. Schloss Daniel, craftsman.

24th of April 1866:

  1. Hammer Heinrich, craftsman.

2nd of July 1866:

  1. Propheter Friedrich, craftsman, along with one more person (wife?).

3rd of September 1866:

  1. Gehrlein Franz Peter, day labourer, with his family of 3.
  2. Liebel Elisabeth, day labourer.

1867: 

28th of March 1867: 

  1. Behr Leopold, craftsman.
  2. Kreger Peter, day labourer.
  3. Veit Ferdinand, day labourer.
  4. Wünschel Paulina, day labourer.

In the same year, the following persons emigrated via Hamburg:

  1. Daub Margaretha, maid.
  2. Hammer Theresia, maid.
  3. Heid Reinhard, craftsman.
  4. Madlehner Johann Georg, craftsman, and Maria Eva, maid.
  5. Schaaf Anton, day labourer.
  6. Schwab Henrietta.
  7. Wünschel Philippina, maid.

29th of August 1867 (via Le Havre):

  1. Deissler Georg Adam, craftsman, with his family of 3.
  2. Gehrlein Apollonia, maid.
  3. Walter (?) Elisabeth.

1868:

  1. Antoni Peter III, farmer.
  2. Hammer Karl Jacob, born 1848, son of Johann Anton.
  3. Heintz Magdalena, maid.
  4. Heintz Max, born 1843
  5. Kreger Michael.
  6. Merz Johann Georg, craftsman, his wife Gehrlein Philippina and one child.
  7. Schwab Johann Jacob, cobbler, with wife and two sons.

1869:

  1. Gehrlein-Daub Jakob (born 1847) and Karl (born 1853).
  2. Liebel Philippina (21 Jahre).
  3. Wünschel Franz Xaver, linen weaver.

1870:

  1. Behr, Leonhard, farmer, born 1850.
  2. Gehrlein Simon IV, day labourer (32 Jahre).
  3. Hammer Jacob, make of wooden shoes.
  4. Heid Heinrich, born 1844.

1871: 

12th of May 1871:

  1. Hammer Jacob Anton, farmer, with wife and one daughter.
  2. Heid Bernhard, unmarried surgeon.
  3. Wünschel Regina.

16th of May 1871:

  1. Schundwein Catharina, maid.

9th of June 1871:

  1. Behr Eva Catharina, maid, and Behr Theresia, maid.
  2. Behr Ferdinand’s widow Regina née Antoni with her three minor children Josephina, Maria Eva and Adam.
  3. Gehrlein Philippina, maid.
  4. Heid Theresia, farmer.
  5. Liebel Susanna, maid.
  6. Ohmer Helena, maid.

8th of August 1871:

  1. Gehrlein Helena, maid, and Gehrlein Ottilia, farmer.

26 of August 1871:

  1. Antoni Ludwig, day labourer.
  2. Heid Johann Georg, day labourer.
  3. Liebel, Theresia, day labourer.

4th of October 1871:

  1. Wünschel Franz, craftsman.

1872:

  1. Heid Johann Georg VI (53 Jahre), farmer, his wife Flick Franziska (49) and their children Leonhard (24), Maria Anna (22) and Daniel (17).
  2. Heid Karolina 22), daughter of Franz Peter.
  3. Heintz Michael (24).
  4. Kreger Eugen (16), journeyman bricklayer.
  5. Liebel Johann Georg‘s widow Regina née Friedebach (54) and their children Johann Georg (21), Thersia (23), Andreas (19) and Adam (11).
  6. Madiener Carolina.

1873:

  1. Heid Andreas’ Witwe Elisabeth née Friedebach (64) and their children Daniel (22) and Friedrich (18). Elisabeth died in Erie in 1899.
  2. Schaaf Salomon (24), farmer. (See copy.)

1874:

  1. Antoni Nikolaus (59), cartwright, his wife Gehrlein Katharina (57) and their children Eduard (28), Jakob (16) and Georg (13).

1889:

  1. Burck Eugen.

1890:

  1. Schwab Jakob (born 1872), basket-maker, emigrates to Newark.

1906:

  1. Heid Theresia with her children Jacob (died on the 27th of November 1909 in Erie), Philippine, Maria Eva and Karl. The family lived in Erie, where Jacob ran a library.

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1 Comment

  1. Found this site by accident my father Joseph Gehrlein was born Dec. 13, 1909 in Neupotz father Jacob Gehrlein and Mother Emma Nachbur Gehrlein , looking for more information, they also emigrated to Erie Penn.

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